What is presumption of innocence?
The purpose of this article is to inform about one of the principal clauses of Criminal Procedure Code: presumption of innocence.
The law states that every person suspected in or charged with a criminal offense shall be presumed innocent unless proved guilty by the verdict of the court, which entered into legal force.
That is, when a person is arrested, a criminal case is being examined and there is no verdict entered into legal force, a person is not presumed guilty (in other words - criminal), a person is presumed innocent.
It derives from the same principle, that the suspect or the accused is not obligated to prove his innocence. The obligation to prove the innocence of the suspect or the accused can not be imposed on the defense party. The obligation to prove the charges and to disprove the arguments brought in favor of the suspect and the accused lies upon the prosecution.
Besides, the law states that no conclusion that a person is guilty of a crime can be based on suppositions, and such conclusion has to be supported by sufficient combination of reliable and compatible evidence, which is relevant to the case. All doubts concerning the charge to be proved, which cannot be eliminated are interpreted in favor of the accused and the suspect.
If you have questions or need legal representation during criminal procedure, contact attorneys of “Personal Lawyer” service.